• Banks’ wholesale funding share as an indicator of financial vulnerability 

      Alstadheim, Ragna (Staff Memo;7/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      A review of theoretical links between the wholesale (or market) funding share of banks (WFS) and financial vulnerability is provided. The vulnerability may both be within the financial system, and in the non-financial ...
    • Beregning av vekter til Regionalt nettverk 

      Martinsen, Kjetil; Wulfsberg, Fredrik (Staff Memo;11/2009, Working paper, 2009)
      Dette notatet dokumenterer oppbygningen og bruken av vekter for observasjonene til Regionalt nettverk. Fra runde 3/09 er observasjonene i Regionalt nettverk vektet etter et nytt vektesett. Vektene fanger i større grad opp ...
    • Betalingskort og tosidige markeder - noen implikasjoner for policy 

      Vale, Bent (Staff Memo;6/2010, Working paper, 2010)
      I dette notatet gis først en kort innføring i noen grunnleggende trekk ved et tosidig marked som kortmarkedet. Deretter gjennomgås noe av den teoretiske litteraturen om betalingskort. Vi ser spesielt på om gebyrstrukturen ...
    • Boligbygging og husholdningsvekst 

      Mæhlum, Sverre; Pettersen, Per Marius; Xu, Hong (Staff Memo;12/2018, Working paper, 2018)
      De siste 10-15 årene har befolkningsveksten i Norge vært sterk, mens boligbyggingen har vært nokså lav. Samtidig bor folk i stadig mindre husholdninger. Økningen i antall husholdninger har vært høyere enn økningen i antall ...
    • Boligmarkedet i pandemiåret 2020 

      Lindquist, Kjersti-Gro; Mæhlum, Sverre; Vatne, Bjørn Helge; Wold, Ella Getz (Staff Memo;6/2021, Working paper, 2021)
      Til tross for pandemien var boligprisveksten høy gjennom store deler av 2020. Lavere utlånsrenter, endringer i boligpreferanser og begrenset tilbud av nye boliger har bidratt til økt prispress, især i Oslo. Våre analyser ...
    • Boligpriser og husholdningenes konsum 

      Grindaker, Morten Haabeth (Staff Memo;11/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      Verken standard økonomisk teori eller empiriske studier gir et entydig svar på hvilken betydning boligprisendringer har for husholdningenes forbruk. Empirisk er det krevende å anslå effekten fordi både boligpriser og konsum ...
    • Bond Liquidity at the Oslo Stock Exchange 

      Ødegaard, Bernt Arne (Staff Memo;5/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      We characterize the liquidity of bond trading at the Oslo Stock Exchange (OSE). We use the complete history of bond prices quoted at the OSE from 1990 to 2016. We first characterize the market place, summarize trading ...
    • Bond market fire sales and turbulence in the Norwegian FX market in March 2020 

      Alstadheim, Ragna; Nordal, Kjell Bjørn; Syrstad, Olav; ter Ellen, Saskia; Wassas, May-Iren Walstad (Staff Memo;2/2021, Working paper, 2021)
      The world witnessed a meltdown in financial markets in March 2020 as the Covid-19 pandemic hit the global economy. In this memo we document how the turbulence affected Norwegian financial markets. We describe possible ...
    • Calculation of Weights for the Regional Network 

      Martinsen, Kjetil; Wulfsberg, Fredrik (Staff Memo;5/2010, Working paper, 2010)
      This memo documents the structure and use of weights for observations from the regional network. With effect from round 3/09, observations from the network have been weighted using a new set of weights that better capture ...
    • Changes in Norges Bank’s Role and Activities in Cash Supply and Distribution 

      Eklund, Trond; Nygård, Svein; Veggum, Leif (Staff Memo;9/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      Norges Bank has made considerable changes in its role and activities in cash supply and distribution since the turn of the century, with the aim of enhancing efficiency in cash distribution and the payment system as a ...
    • Clearingen i Norges Bank 

      Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;22/2012, Working paper, 2012)
      I dag benyttes begrepet ”clearing” ofte om avregning av betalinger og handel i verdipapirer og derivater. De beløp aktørene skylder og har til gode mot hverandre regnes til en nettoposisjon for hver enkelt aktør, som så ...
    • Comparing Monetary Policy Transparency. The Eijffinger and Geraats Index - a Comment 

      Claussen, Carl Andreas (Staff Memo;10/2008, Working paper, 2008)
      There is by now a large volume of literature on central bank transparency and communication. One branch of this literature compares transparency across central banks and over time. Recent contributions in this vein are ...
    • Competitiveness and Regulation of Norwegian Banks 

      Ulltveit-Moe, Karen Helene; Vale, Bent; Grindaker, Morten Haabeth; Skancke, Erling (Staff Memo;18/2013, Working paper, 2013)
      This report looks at the competitiveness of the Norwegian banking sector, in particular with respect to banking regulation and taxation. How do Norwegian banks perform relative to other European banks and relative to other ...
    • Contingent Convertible Bonds (Cocos) Issued by European Banks 

      Nordal, Kjell Bjørn; Stefano, Nicolas (Staff Memo;19/2014, Working paper, 2014)
      During the recent global financial crisis, numerous banking institutions faced acute capital strain. In order to support banking sectors, many governments stepped in and propped up financial institutions, often at the ...
    • The cost efficiency improvement of Norwegian banks can be explained by automation and digitalisation 

      Andersen, Henrik (Staff Memo;9/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      Operating costs in the Norwegian banking sector have been reduced considerably in recent decades, both as a share of income and assets. This has increased banks’ resilience to increased losses and reduced the risk of crises. ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;4/2009, Working paper, 2009)
      We calculate social and private cost for the use and production of payment services in Norway for 2007. The calculations include banks’, merchants’ and households’ cost for cash, cards and giro payments. The social cost ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System 2007 – a Brief Overview of the Surveys and Results 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;9/2008, Working paper, 2008)
      The analysis covers social costs associated with payment cards, giros and cash. The bulk of retail payments in Norway are settled by means of these instruments. The social costs of using and producing these payment services ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System : Questionnaires 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;5/2009, Working paper, 2009)
    • Countercyclical Capital Buffer Proposal : An Analysis for Norway 

      Vo, Thi Quynh Anh (Staff Memo;3/2011, Working paper, 2011)
      This paper evaluates the ability of some macro variables, namely GDP growth, credit growth, credit to GDP ratio and property prices in guiding the accumulation of a capital buffer above the minimum during the credit expansion ...
    • The countercyclical capital buffer: A cross-country overview of policy frameworks 

      Arbatli-Saxegaard, Elif C.; Muneer, Mohammad Adnan (Staff Memo;6/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      The countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) is a relatively new macroprudential tool, but the number of countries that have set a positive buffer level increased significantly over recent years. Furthermore, during the ...