• Alternative virkemidler i pengepolitikken - den nødvendige monetære økosirk 

      Bernhardsen, Tom; Kloster, Arne; Syrstad, Olav (Staff Memo;12/2016, Working paper, 2016)
      I dette notatet ser vi [...] nærmere på alternative virkemidler med særlig fokus på monetær økosirk. Vi drøfter først ulike pengemengdebegreper og hvordan penger skapes. Deretter ser vi nærmere på såkalte likviditetsstyr ...
    • Bond market fire sales and turbulence in the Norwegian FX market in March 2020 

      Alstadheim, Ragna; Nordal, Kjell Bjørn; Syrstad, Olav; ter Ellen, Saskia; Wassas, May-Iren Walstad (Staff Memo;2/2021, Working paper, 2021)
      The world witnessed a meltdown in financial markets in March 2020 as the Covid-19 pandemic hit the global economy. In this memo we document how the turbulence affected Norwegian financial markets. We describe possible ...
    • Burying Libor 

      Klingler, Sven; Syrstad, Olav (Working Paper;13/2019, Working paper, 2019)
      We argue that the planned transition toward alternative benchmark rates gives reason to mourn Libor. Guided by a model in which banks and non-banks can lend to each other, subject to realistic regulatory constraints, we ...
    • Covered Interest Parity in long-dated securities 

      Syrstad, Olav (Working Paper;11/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      This paper investigates the validity of Covered Interest Rate Parity (CIP) in longdated fixed income securities. I show that common measures of CIP rely on trading strategies subject to rollover risk and credit risk, or ...
    • Disclosing the Undisclosed: Commercial Paper As Hidden Liquidity Suffers 

      Klingler, Sven; Syrstad, Olav (Working paper;16/2021, Working paper, 2021)
      Using new transaction-level data for non-financial commercial paper (CP) in the U.S., we show that companies systematically reduce their outstanding short-term debt on quarterly and annual disclosure dates. Constraints on ...
    • Does Publication of Interest Rate Paths Provide Guidance? 

      Rime, Dagfinn; Syrstad, Olav; Natvik, Gisle J. (Working Paper;16/2019, Working paper, 2019)
      Does the central bank practice of publishing interest rate projections (IRPs) improve how market participants map new information into future interest rates? Using high-frequent data on Forward Rate Agreements (FRAs) we ...
    • NIBOR - a Norwegian Interest Rate? 

      Syrstad, Olav; Kloster, Arne; Bernhardsen, Tom (Economic Commentaries;9/2014, Others, 2014)
      Norges Bank has in various contexts pointed out that today’s NIBOR construction has clear weaknesses. The reasons for this view are presented in a letter to Finanstilsynet (Financial Supervisory Authority of Norway) of 26 ...
    • NIBOR - en norsk rente? 

      Syrstad, Olav; Kloster, Arne; Bernhardsen, Tom (Aktuell Kommentar;9/2014, Others, 2014)
      Norges Bank har i flere sammenhenger pekt på at dagens NIBOR-konstruksjon har klare svakheter. Begrunnelsen for dette synet er presentert i brev til Finanstilsynet 26. mai 2014, Norges Bank Memo 2/2014 («Svakheter ved ...
    • Nibor, Libor and Euribor – all IBORs, but different 

      Kloster, Arne; Syrstad, Olav (Staff Memo;2/2019, Working paper, 2019)
      This memo takes a closer look at what lays behind different benchmark interest rates. Particular emphasis is put on how the different practices for quotation can explain why Nibor’s risk premium has on average been higher ...
    • Norges Bank’s Endogenous Interest Rate Path and Its Impact on Interest Rate Expectations 

      Syrstad, Olav; Rime, Dagfinn (Staff Memo;6/2014, Working paper, 2014)
      Norges Bank has published its own forecasts for the key policy rate since 2005. The Reserve Bank of New Zealand introduced this practice as early as in 1997. Later, in 2007, the Swedish Riksbank also started to publish its ...
    • Price-setting in the foreign exchange swap market: Evidence from order flow 

      Syrstad, Olav; Viswanath-Natraj, Ganesh (Working Paper;16/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      This paper investigates price discovery in foreign exchange (FX) swaps. Using data on inter-dealer transactions, we find that a 1 standard deviation increase in order flow (i.e. net pressure to obtain USD through FX swaps) ...
    • Risikopåslagene i Nibor og andre lands interbankrenter 

      Bernhardsen, Tom; Kloster, Arne; Syrstad, Olav (Staff Memo;20/2012, Working paper, 2012)
      Interbankrenter som Libor, Euribor, Stibor og Nibor spiller en viktig rolle som referanserenter i en rekke låneavtaler og for ulike typer derivater. Interbankrentene skal uttrykke prisen på et usikret utlån fra en bank til ...
    • Risk Premiums in NIBOR and Other Countries’ Interbank Lending Rates 

      Bernhardsen, Tom; Kloster, Arne; Syrstad, Olav (Staff Memo;21/2012, Working paper, 2012)
      Interbank interest rates such as three‐ and six‐month LIBOR, EURIBOR, STIBOR and NIBOR play an important role as benchmark rates for a number of loan contracts and various types of derivatives. Interbank rates are intended ...
    • Segmented Money Markets and Covered Interest Parity Arbitrage 

      Rime, Dagfinn; Schrimpf, Andreas; Syrstad, Olav (Working Papers;15/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      This paper studies the violation of the most basic no-arbitrage condition in international finance — Covered Interest Parity (CIP). We find that the CIP puzzle largely stems from funding liquidity differences, reflected ...
    • Systemer for likviditetsstyring : Oppbygging og egenskaper 

      Syrstad, Olav (Staff Memo;5/2011, Working paper, 2011)
      Målet i likviditetspolitikken er å sørge for at de helt kortsiktige pengemarkedsrentene holdes nær styringsrenten. Sentralbankene oppnår dette ved å fastsette vilkårene for bankenes lån og plasseringer i sentralbanken, ...
    • The Daily Liquidity Effect in a Floor System – Empirical Evidence from the Norwegian Market 

      Syrstad, Olav (Working Papers;14/2012, Working paper, 2012)
      This paper analyses the liquidity effect in Norway by examining the relationship between a range of liquidity variables and five different measures of the short-term interbank premium. The models are estimated on data from ...
    • The Impact of the Term Auction Facility on the Liquidity Risk Premium and Unsecured Interbank Spreads 

      Syrstad, Olav (Working Papers;7/2014, Working paper, 2014)
      This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Federal Reserve's Term Auction Facility (TAF) in alleviating the liquidity shortage in USD and reducing the spread between the 3-month Libor rate and the expected policy ...