Now showing items 264-283 of 2796

    • Coordination, Fair Treatment and Inflation Persistence 

      Driscoll, John C.; Holden, Steinar (Working Papers;15/2002, Working paper, 2002)
      Most wage-contracting models with rational expectations fail to replicate the persistence in inflation observed in the data. We argue that coordination problems and multiple equilibria are the keys to explaining inflation ...
    • Corporate Bonds in a Multi-Asset Portfolio 

      Unknown author (Discussion note;2/2017, Others, 2017)
      In this note, we evaluate the risk and return characteristics of corporate bonds, and discuss the role of this asset class in a multi-asset portfolio consisting of equities and nominal Treasury bonds in addition to corporates. ...
    • Corporate Governance 

      Unknown author (Discussion note;14/2012, Others, 2012)
      In this discussion note, NBIM’s expectations on corporate governance are presented. Expectations directed at boards are discussed, as is the rationale for focusing on board accountability and equal treatment of shareholders. ...
    • Corporate governance – i et nøtteskall 

      Eckbo, B. Espen (Journal article, 2006)
      Artikkelen gir en kort historisk oversikt over sentrale temaer innen dagens corporate governance-debatt, med fokus spesielt på USA og Europa. Behovet for beskyttelse av minoritetsaksjonærenes interesser fremheves, og det ...
    • Corporate sustainability reporting 

      Unknown author (The Asset Manager Perspective;1/2020, Others, 2020)
      Companies’ activities have an impact on the world around them in ways that may not be priced into their market value. Their operations may in turn be affected by changes in their surroundings, either physical or social. ...
    • The cost efficiency improvement of Norwegian banks can be explained by automation and digitalisation 

      Andersen, Henrik (Staff Memo;9/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      Operating costs in the Norwegian banking sector have been reduced considerably in recent decades, both as a share of income and assets. This has increased banks’ resilience to increased losses and reduced the risk of crises. ...
    • Costs and Income in the Norwegian Payment System 2001. An Application of the Activity Based Costing Framework 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Øwre, Grete (Working Papers;8/2003, Working paper, 2003)
      This paper summarizes a survey of costs and income in the payment system of Norwegian banks in 2001. The cost analysis was carried out by using the activity based costing (ABC) framework. The results from this analysis are ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;4/2009, Working paper, 2009)
      We calculate social and private cost for the use and production of payment services in Norway for 2007. The calculations include banks’, merchants’ and households’ cost for cash, cards and giro payments. The social cost ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System 

      Unknown author (Norges Bank Papers;5/2014, Report, 2014)
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System 2007 – a Brief Overview of the Surveys and Results 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;9/2008, Working paper, 2008)
      The analysis covers social costs associated with payment cards, giros and cash. The bulk of retail payments in Norway are settled by means of these instruments. The social costs of using and producing these payment services ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian payment system 2020 

      Unknown author (Norges Bank Papers;3/2022, Report, 2022)
      In 2020, the social costs for domestic payment services amounted to 0.79 percent of mainland GDP. Costs as a share of mainland GDP have decreased somewhat since the previous survey in 2013 if we use the same survey format. ...
    • Costs in the Norwegian Payment System : Questionnaires 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Staff Memo;5/2009, Working paper, 2009)
    • Costs in the Payment System 

      Gresvik, Olaf; Haare, Harald (Journal article, 2009)
      This article presents the estimated costs in 2007 of the use and production of the most common Norwegian payment services: payment cards, giros and cash. The social cost of using and producing payment services was NOK 11 ...
    • Countercyclical Capital Buffer Proposal : An Analysis for Norway 

      Vo, Thi Quynh Anh (Staff Memo;3/2011, Working paper, 2011)
      This paper evaluates the ability of some macro variables, namely GDP growth, credit growth, credit to GDP ratio and property prices in guiding the accumulation of a capital buffer above the minimum during the credit expansion ...
    • The countercyclical capital buffer: A cross-country overview of policy frameworks 

      Arbatli-Saxegaard, Elif C.; Muneer, Mohammad Adnan (Staff Memo;6/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      The countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) is a relatively new macroprudential tool, but the number of countries that have set a positive buffer level increased significantly over recent years. Furthermore, during the ...
    • Countercyclical capital requirement reductions, state dependence and macroeconomic outcomes 

      Juelsrud, Ragnar E.; Arbatli-Saxegaard, Elif C. (Working Paper;9/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      We use bank-, loan- and firm-level data together with a quasi-natural experiment to estimate the impact of capital requirement reductions on bank lending and real economic outcomes. We find that capital requirement reductions ...
    • Country and industry effects in global equity returns 

      Unknown author (Discussion note;01/2019, Others, 2019)
    • Covered bonds and bank portfolio rebalancing 

      Cao, Jin; Juelsrud, Ragnar E.; Sondershaus, Talina (Working Paper;6/2021, Working paper, 2021)
      We use administrative and supervisory data at the bank and loan level to investigate the impact of the introduction of covered bonds on the composition of bank balance sheets and bank risk. Covered bonds, despite being ...